In this article, we will talk about the septum deviation surgery in children. The term septum is a structure consisting of bone and cartilage tissue that divides our nose in half. The term deviation is the curvature of the nose.
Why does the septum curve?
There are two main reasons for this.
1. Curvature caused by trauma, namely by impact. This can happen at birth, or it can happen because of a blow in childhood or adulthood.
2. It may be due to heredity. In other words, it may be due to genes inherited from the mother and father.
Why is the Septum Deviation important?
Generally, people with curvature of the nose often have difficulty breathing. As a result, they apply to doctors because of the symptoms they experience. Especially the inside of the nose and the sinuses are first affected by this situation. As the nose and sinus are affected, it creates deformities in the face and chin. As a result, one side will appear slightly more swollen than the other.
The person who cannot breathe through the nose enough due to the deviation of the septum will breathe through the mouth and thus some problems will be experienced in the jaw, mouth and teeth. In addition, respiratory failure will develop because we cannot breathe through our nose in sufficient quantities. As a result, sleep apnea that occurs at night, snoring, nocturnal urinary incontinence, insomnia, restlessness, irritability, failure in school and even physical growth and development retardation may occur.
What is the treatment?
Once upon a time, parents waited for their children to reach adulthood for nasal curvature surgery. However, it was understood as a result of studies that the surgeries performed at an early age did not cause any harm to children. In recent studies, especially the nasal septum shows a very rapid development until the age of 2-3, but this development stops completely between the ages of 3-5. In other words, after 3-5 years of age, the nasal septum does not actually develop much.
After the surgery, silicones are usually removed from the nose and breathing is relieved and almost completely healed within 2-3 weeks.